History, Scriptures, Writings

Jewish writings and translations for our era

In ancient times people couldn’t just open the Torah and find particular chapters or verses in the Bible. In the past, but also still know, people just quoted it and hoped that their listeners knew its origin. They might have told them which book of the Bible you were talking about, but that was as much as they could do. Daniel Bomberg, a Flemish Christian printer printed a complete edition of the Babylonian Talmud and used the layout that is now familiar.

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Christians, History, Humanity, Jews, Re-blogs and Thoughts of others, Religiosity + Way of Expressing Faith

Who is a Jew?

We present this article from Freedom from Economic, Social and Political Oppression; where current social, political, economic, cultural, and environmental issues from a secular humanist point of view are looked at.

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To remember

Human passion + emotional responses to issues which embody strong ties to self-identity are not the only consideration in addressing controversy.

cognitive uncertainties + emotional responses = consciously induced when most individuals encounter the word “Jew” or “Judaism” >  Few people have a completely neutral reaction to these words.

 

muddling regarding accurate + contextual, + interpretable use of terminology surrounding Judaism lodges a mistrust + misunderstanding of its intentions, = can result in propagation of “Anti-Judaic tradition” often falsely branded as “Anti-Semitism”.

secular “Jews” more likely to openly identify themselves as a Jew than secular persons with a Christian heritage are to identify themselves as Christians.

behaviors of adherents of Judaism <> theological tenets = classifying Jews as a race – versus basing the resolution to it – on the adherence and devotion to a theological perspective.

Orthodox and Conservative Judaism = being Jewish on basis of bloodlines > maternal genealogy,

Reformed Judaism based on faith of either parent.

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non-religious Jews refer to themselves = secular Jews,= a contraction in terminology > secular persons reject superstitious beliefs embodied in religion

within Judaism significant, although small number, of rabbis that openly acknowledge to reject superstitious beliefs embodied in religion

acceptance by some Jews of secular clerics + their interpretations of religious teachings illustrates need to examine validity of “race” question since these rabbis + clerics are, by many, still acknowledged to be Jews.

Defining a “Jew” =/= complicated as it appears if “race” and/or ethnicity are taken out of the equation.

As with Christianity, Judaism, is a religion.

Christians = those who follow teachings of Christ > more accurately = adherents to organized theocracies that are based on Jesus his teachings

being a Christian =/= dependent on “race”, culture, language spoken, or spiritual beliefs of the person’s parents

being Jewish (or Muslim) =/= dependent on “race”, culture, language spoken, or spiritual beliefs of the person’s parents

Religion =/= defined by God, a god, or group of deities = created by Man in response to nature, 1 within context of accounting for death + 2 to provide moral compass in regard to social demands that arose = served as legal authority on proper behaviour within community

Judaism as a “Race” or Ethnicity = False Propaganda

Humans consistently demonstrated a compulsion to classify + categorize based on observations > speakers of a common language + national affiliation

17° century race = concept based on distinct physical (phenotypical) features (skin color) of persons (phenotype or physical appearance) > employed to categorize groups of persons on basis of differences in physical appearance, + served as underlying basis that lent support for eugenic movements in Nazi Germany, the United States, + elsewhere.

Rationalization of race = means of discrimination => immense controversy, violence, dangerous + invalid misconceptions

increasing understanding of genetics + unlocking of human genome = Science demonstrated > entire of humanity = one “race” <= human beings = genetically homogeneous in comparison to many other species > similarity in genetics amongst members of humankind = strikingly uniform

scientific, biological definition of species – a taxonomic designation given to a form of life – = espoused in idea that two individuals belong to the same species, if they can produce fertile offspring.

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who is a Jew = from Scientific, genealogical (racial) = moot because DNA studies have repeatedly + consistently demonstrated > entire of humanity is one “race” > Based on biology =

 

Ethnicity = concept determined by groups of persons typically who share similar heritage > may share (or not) – common language, religious affiliation, or nationality – + tend to be comprised of members who identify with one another = subjective.

Constitution of Bosnia-Herzegovina = 3 distinct ethnicities = 96% of its population – Bosniaks, Serbs, and Croats > All three have a unique language variant that is mutually intelligible <=  Genetic studies concluded despite ethnicity differences 3 groups share large proportion of their DNA, not only amongst themselves, but in respect to geography. => feature that most clearly separates each ethnicity = religious affiliation – Bosniaks (Muslim), Serbs (Orthodox Christian), Croats (Roman Catholic).

United States Census Bureau defines Hispanic in reference to = person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin – regardless of “race”, ancestry, or ethnicity.

in respect to Judaism any individual – who acknowledges, accepts, and observes at least some Jewish traditions – can claim to be Jewish.

As is the case with Christianity, adherents to Judaism, comprise no single ethnic or racial group.

term “Jews” refers to people who share a common theological doctrine.  = Just as a Christians can be White, or Black; American, or Spanish – so, too, can be a Jew.  Christians belong to various affiliations – Roman Catholic, Methodist, Baptist, Anglican.

term, Anti-Semitism, used to label speech, acts, or other forms of expression as being hatefully Anti-Jewish = misleading for several reasons.

Semitic Peoples = originally defined by speaking one of several languages that share similar linguistic, grammatical, phonetical + contextual elements derived from an ancient common tongue +  refer to a group of peoples who hail from the Eastern Mediterranean and the Arabian Peninsula

classifying Jews as Semitic in respect, to heritage = term loses its validity because majority of modern Jews today descend from European, Asiatic, + African origins + different ethnic + cultural backgrounds

Ethnicities = loosely defined, can overlap, + sometimes be oxymoronic in how they are defined.

“Jewish People”, or “Jews” =/= unique in terms of genetic composition with rest of humanity =/= single Nationality, heredity, or mother-tongue-language =>   Jewish identity = based on acknowledging, accepting, + practicing the religious doctrine of Judaism, or on having social or cultural ties to it.

Khazars (European, ethnic group of peoples) converted to Judaism (speaking Yiddish) =/= genealogical, linguistic, or national ties with the Hebrews that inhabited Judea prior to and up to the Roman conquest + dismantling of Judea beginning in 66 C.E >  predominantly “Jews” descended from Khazars that originally advocated for a Jewish homeland in Palestine through the founding of Zionism in the late 19° century.

organized religions > few of those claiming membership to a particular faith conduct their lives in accordance with its doctrine.

world = increasingly secular.

“Christian” > reared with Christian beliefs => identify with traditions + culture even though they might not be active participants in the theology.  < => same in Judaism <=  wish to cling on to their cultural heritage so that they remain aware of where they came from.

Secular “Jew” + Secular “Christian” = oxymoronic > secular persons, by definition, = no religious or spiritual basis for their beliefs or behaviours.

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Often overlooked in discussing Judaism =  marked transformation that occurred within its own religious doctrine in a direct answer to Christianity, rapidly flourishing through gaining converts, as the dominant and most powerful theocratic system of beliefs which placed its very basic foundations and most fundamental teachings of Jesus Christ squarely at odds with the main tenants of Judaism.  => gave Christianity an upper hand in ethics + morality in the sense that the vices of neo-Christian theology often demonstrated wickedness in the way traditional Jewish values were taught.

swelling number of Christian converts => Judaism needs to be examined in both pre-Christian world + its evolved doctrine in response to Christianity.

Judaism, Christianity, + Islam – share Old Testament + its teachings.

modern Judaism – not based on the teachings of the Old Testament, influenced by Kabbalistic ideas = belief man has three types of souls > only Jews have all three > theological dogma = toxic in terms of acceptance + conjures inhumane acts against anyone who is not “Jewish”.  >>> contradicts + diminishes traditions that were part of pre-Christian Judaism.

Talmud before Christianity didn’t exist as it does today in written form, but rather encompassed oral Traditions that were passed down from God to Moses and subsequently between generations.

Amid threat Judaism being overwhelmed by spread of Christianity => Judaic religious clerics pressured to account for their practices that were considered sinful + unethical in an increasingly Christian dominated world which at this point still banned usury in all forms, + after shunning Jewish practices of ritual slaughter of animals + circumcision of male infants at eight days after birth, viewed these rituals as barbaric, cruel and immoral.

Jewish theological doctrine incorporated combination of reactionary antiphon in response to Christianity + mysticism into the Talmud.   Many Jewish religious leaders, since, have emphasized the importance of keeping the Talmud’s doctrine hidden from an increasingly powerful non-Jewish (Gentile) population..  =  no accident.

 

organized religion > few individuals practice the “faith”  > Judaism => less strict in terms of diet, + Christianity disavowed many of virtuous teachings of Christ+> many Muslims consume alcohol.

 

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Christianity adopted by Roman Empire > official religion, +subsequent fusion of pagan elements into the Faith – Christmas + Easter traditions attracted converts > holidays celebrated in Christian world today = inconsistent with teachings of Christ.  Christmas, Easter, New Year’s, St. Valentine’s Day, etc., = commercialized celebrations > Holidays which breed excessive selfishness + false superstitions  => corrupt true Christianity + humanism + feed off of the vices of humanity.

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Additional reading

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Further reading

  1. Multiculturalism and the Jews
  2. Alan Dershowitz’s Fake claim of antisemitism
  3. israel’s genocidal political culture
  4. Jews Are Still the Biggest Target of Religious Hate Crimes
  5. Unmasking the Phantom
  6. Catholics and the Sin of White Supremacy
  7. Reflecting the Mystery: Analogy Beyond Negation and Affirmation
  8. The problem of God’s whiteness
  9. Kabbalistic Revolution Reimagining Judaism in Medieval Spain
  10. A.F. Segal: “The Other Judaisms of Late Antiquity”
  11. Snapshot of Judaism
  12. Judaism & The Fetish: A Quick Note on Marx and the (Religious) Imagination
  13. World Leading Christian Apologist, William Lane Craig Always Presents God of Islam and Judaism
  14. The truth about the Nashville Statement, and the culture’s insane freakout over it
  15. Schopenhauer on Race Differences in Intelligence and on Judaism | The Occidental Observer
  16. The Psychopathology of Judaism
  17. Christianity, Islam, and Judaism
  18. A Christianity Immersed in Empire: a book review
  19. Discovering the Didache: The Oldest Catechism
  20. terms “Judeo-Christian tradition” and “Judeo-Christian morality” are wrong and misleading
  21. The History of Israel and Judaism Debunked 1
  22. The History of Israel and Judaism Debunked 2
  23. The Chinese Jews of Kaifeng. A Millennium of Adaptation and Endurance (2017)
  24. A Jew and a Muslim discuss Judaism & Islam at Speakers’ Corner
  25. Priorities and the Meaning of Judaism
  26. BBC resource for teachers spreads inaccuracies about Judaism
  27. On Christian hatred towards Judaism
  28. Globalism = Freemasonry = Judaism
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In this 4th part looking at the way we should see at the accounts of the Genesis we see how words can be taken in their grammatical sense, and how some things are to be seen not in the literal sense.

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Possible problems with two Accounts of the beginning of human race

Study of geology over some centuries now has shown evidence of a succession of different eras represented by layers of rock giving evidence of the development of the earth over millions of years.

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Account of origin of man, sin and death

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Starting from a point in time when two elements existed

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Bereshith 2 Man and Woman placed in a Royal Garden

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History, Humanity, Life matters, Re-blogs and Thoughts of others

We haven’t always insisted that Gen 1 is literal 6*24 hours

We do not think we should take the Genesis 1 story speaking about a 24 hour day but about a day in the eyes of God which is much longer than 1000 hours. We should consider it more as a symbolic way of telling like we still sometimes use in our language and in “our day” or it “takes a day (at least)” indicating it takes many days or when talking about years or an age (number of years since it was made + period in history + generation +  to mean a very long time + lifetime + period or state of human life).

From the context and looking at what is written in other chapters of the Bible we may assume it is not mankind’s “day” of “24 hours” but God’s day or periods in the creation of God.

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To remember:

  • Our opinion is that the Hebrew in Genesis 1 when it speaks of days is not describing a 24 hour earth day as we know it now.
  • consider 6 days of Creation in Genesis 1 as being other than literal.
  • EG Henry Sulley

As to the period occupied in the six days of the work of creation, we have no means of knowing how long a “day” is from the Divine point of view.”[1]

  • Bro Walker stated

we cannot agree to restrict the “days” of creation to literal days, and the original “rest” of God likewise to twenty-four hours! Critics will please be merciful to us[2] possibly a fair request!

  • Bro Watkins observed

sequence of events described in Genesis 1 is the same as the sequence that geologists have discovered by studying the rocks.  This cannot be mere coincidence…”[3]

+ proposed days of Genesis 1 = 6 days of fiats (or commands by God).

  • Bro Carter said

Bible = record of God’s creative activity in the beginning and onwards.

  • Alfred Norris > Moses putting down what he heard + describing what he saw + announcing end of each period of revelation as day’s disclosure comes to its end
  • Bro LG Sargent stated to “leave the time involved in creation as an open question[6].
  • Harry Whittaker concurs with Norris [7]
  • Bro Alan Fowler also expressed this view [8]
  • slightly different model advocated by Bro Hayward > followed Bro Watkins > advocating 6 days of fiats =  work being done at a later lengthier timeframe.[9]
  • Bro Andrew Perry expressed > “localised old earth[11] model.

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Preceding

An openingschapter explaining why things are like they are and why we may have hope for better things

Bereshith 1-2 The Creation of the World – The Seven Days

How did the original readers understand Gen 1:1?

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Additional reading

  1. From dust and breath into living beings
  2. Creator and Blogger God 1 Emptiness and mouvement

 

Christadelphians Origins Discussion

I don’t have any doubt that the Hebrew in Genesis 1 when it speaks of days is describing a 24 hour earth day as we know it now.  The bigger question is whether Genesis 1 is a literal historical record of how God made all things.

There are some surprising examples exist of brethren who absolutely did not accept evolution but were prepared to consider the 6 days of Creation in Genesis 1 as being other than literal.

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Elohim Hashem Jehovah, History, Humanity, Life matters, Re-blogs and Thoughts of others, Universe (Space)

How did the original readers understand Gen 1:1?

We are limiting the meaning of the text of the first two chapters of Genesis when we would only consider earth to be our globe. From the whole Biblical contexts we may assume that we must see the difference between eretz (earth or land) and haaretz (earth or ground) and aphar ha’aretz (dust of the earth or the sand or grains of earth) having also the globe and other planets around in the universe with their suns and stars.

When Jehovah created the universe, he created so many stars and planets that we could never count them all.

Problem with man is that they always think they know exactly how something is. But man’s knowledge is much more limited than God’s knowledge so often scientific results first taken as the answer seem some years later not true. As such we had one time the newspaper, the Houston, Texas Chronicle, reported that

“after a recent study, scientists now think that there are 300 sextillion stars in the universe.”

NGC 4414, a typical spiral galaxy in the constellation Coma Berenices, is about 55,000 light-years in diameter and approximately 60 million light-years away from Earth

That is a 3 followed by 23 zeros! But we should know it could be many more and we should see that somehow they are all organized. Yes, groups of stars are organized into galaxies. Each galaxy contains many planets and billions or even trillions of stars. Most galaxies are then organized into groups called clusters, and these clusters are organized into larger groups called superclusters.

The first chapter of Moshe’s book does not want to bring a scientific report on how everything is placed and structured but only wants to give a short review in a way which is easy to tell to others so that they can easily remember. For that reason the story-telling is the easiest form for oral tradition, for which it was provided. As such we should not take the story to be taken literally but figuratively. Also not considering the 6 days as literally six 24 hours but more as periods of development or if you wish ‘evolution’ .

A Caucasoid female skull (National Museum of Health and Medicine).

Today we still evolve and we should see how our own children and grandchildren are already so much different than us (see their body build). Those who want to see the first man as our contemporary man from Europe or the United states of America (the Caucasian type) mostly have a superiority feeling of their own race and are ashamed to have come from living souls (Leneʹfesj chai·jahʹh) who walked on their four limbs. (If you look at the body perhaps it was even not being made to walk on two limbs.)

Those who want to adhere to creationist views show they are missing many points of later books which form together the library of Book of books we call the Bible.

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Preceding

An openingschapter explaining why things are like they are and why we may have hope for better things

Bereshith 1-2 The Creation of the World – The Seven Days

 

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Additional reading

  1. From dust and breath into living beings
  2. Creator and Blogger God 1 Emptiness and mouvement
  3. Bible containing scientific information
  4. Book Review: Ann Gauger, Douglas Axe & Casey Luskin, Science & Human Origins. Seattle: Discovery Institute Press, 2012.124pp.
  5. Largest timber-framed building part of discussion about God’s actions
  6. Judeo-Christian values and liberty

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Further literature

  1. Scripture and Science – must they agree?
  2. Is Genesis 1 poetic?
  3. OEC and a brief history of the Gap explanation of Gen 1:1-2
  4. We haven’t always insisted that Gen 1 is literal 6*24 hours
  5. Facts
  6. “You evolutionists all believe different things”
  7. Varve layers prove 45,000+ years of continuous life
  8. Alan Eyre rejecting anti science nonsense
  9. Question Evolution
  10. What Is Creationism?
  11. Lewis Black on evolution, creationism, and the Bible
  12. The truth about creationism vs. evolution
  13. Is creationism on the wane in America?
  14. Creationism Continuum
  15. Is intelligent design creationism? Dr. Stephen C. Meyer explains
  16. Stephen C. Meyer debates intelligent design with two scientists on NPR
  17. The “Intelligent Design” Version of Creationism
  18. More Extra-Solar Planets, Less Creationism
  19. ICR: ‘Extreme Non-Evolution’ Proves Creationism
  20. Creative Challenge #36: Will Creationism Ever Die?
  21. Ryan Bell’s year of atheism testimony shows need for apologetics
  22. What Atheists Believe Too
  23. Was atheism or Christianity responsible for the Scientific Revolution?
  24. Atheists More Intelligent Than Creationists?
  25. Richard Dawkins Opens the Door for Dream Research
  26. pribhleid / privilege
  27. What I Believe: Creation
  28. Christian Beliefs about Creation

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Christadelphians Origins Discussion

One pro Gap position suggests Gen 1:1 is a summary statement of the whole chapter.  While we read heavens and earth as meaning the universe and the planet, possibly the verse should be understood as meaning the sky and the land since the terms heaven and earth are used later in chapter 1.  We can test this suggestion by reviewing the chapter and context.

When we look at the Hebrew there is nothing particularly to affirm or deny the suggestion.  The word ‘heaven’ has a wide range of uses from the universe through to the sky and air.  Similarly, the word for ‘earth’ is extremely broad.  So we must go to the context of Gen1 and see how the expressions are used.

Heaven

  • Used in v1
  • V6 the firmament is defined as heaven (with waters above and below it)
  • V14 the sun, moon & stars are set/placed in the firmament…

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Bible texts, Elohim Hashem Jehovah, Flora or Plant kingdom, History, Humanity, Life matters, Universe (Space), Wildlife or Animal kingdom

Bereshith 1-2 The Creation of the World – The Seven Days

The Bible opens with the story of the beginning of everything, presenting the six periods of development (six days of creation) and the final period of establishment or rest.

Elohim Hashem Jehovah, Flora or Plant kingdom, History, Humanity, Life matters, Universe (Space), Wildlife or Animal kingdom

An openingschapter explaining why things are like they are and why we may have hope for better things

Worldly books in no way can give such a clear picture to man what caused everything to come into being and how there may be a solution to the wrong steps taken by the first human beings. For this, man needs to understand clearly what caused this troublesome world. The Bereshith tells the story of the origin of life and death.

History, Jeshua the Messiah, Jews, Religiosity + Way of Expressing Faith

The modern Messianic Jewish movement

If the Bible is true and if Yeshua is the Messiah and the King of the Jews, then the Messianic Jewish movement is the most important phenomenon of our time, said Abram (Bram) Poljak