History, Jews

First New York Synagogue (1728)

17 Tevet (1728) – Shearith Israel, the first New York synagogue, erects its first building in Lower Manhattan.

Congregation Shearith Israel 001.JPG
Congregation Shearith Israel at Central Park West

In 1654 in New Amsterdam a group of Spanish and Portuguese Jews who fled the Inquisition and others who arrived from Dutch Brazil formed a meeting group. As oldest Jewish congregation in the United States they held a Rosh Hashanah service in New Amsterdam, in 1684, thereby founding congregation Shearith Israel (“Remnant of Israel”). On this 17th of Tevet in 1728, the congregation purchased a lot in Lower Manhattan to erect the first synagogue in New York.

Until 1825, when Jewish immigrants from Germany established a congregation, it was the only Jewish congregation in New York City.

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